A network server that uses the Windows operating system.

Also called “Win2K” and “W2K,” Windows 2000 was a major upgrade to Windows NT 4, launched in early 2000. Available in one client and three server versions, Windows 2000 added support for Plug and Play. Windows 2000 uses the same interface as Windows 95/98, but added considerably more features, dialogs and options.

Windows 2000 supports Active Directory, which replaces NT’s domain system and makes network administration simpler. This is a major redesign of the directory structure for companies. Windows 2000 is more stable than NT and is designed to eliminate erroneous replacement of DLLs when applications are installed Windows 2000 Advanced Server is similar to Windows NT Server, Enterprise Edition, which supports clustering and automatic failover in the event of a system failure. Windows 2000 DataCenter Server supports more advanced clustering and is the top server offering. Windows 2000 Professional is the client version.

The .NET version of the Windows 2000 server operating system. Introduced in the spring of 2003, it was originally known as .NET Server 2003. Similar to the Windows 2000 offerings, Windows Server 2003 is available in several versions. The Enterprise and Datacenter Editions are geared for mission critical applications with support for clustering, failover and load balancing. They are also available in 64-bit versions for Intel’s IA-64 architecture. The Web Edition is designed for hosting a Web site. See Windows Home Server, Windows Server 2008 and .NET Enterprise Server.

Windows Server 2008 is one of Microsoft Windows’ server line of operating systems. Released to manufacturing on February 4, 2008, and officially released on February 27, 2008, it is the successor to Windows Server 2003, released nearly five years earlier. Windows Server 2008 includes a variation of installation called Server Core. Server Core is a significantly scaled-back installation where no Windows Explorer shell is installed. All configuration and maintenance is done entirely through command line interface windows, or by connecting to the machine remotely using Microsoft Management Console. However, Notepad and some control panel applets, such as Regional Settings, are available.

Server Core does not include the .NET Framework, Internet Explorer, Windows PowerShell or many other features not related to core server features. A Server Core machine can be configured for several basic roles: Domain controller/Active Directory Domain Services, ADLDS (ADAM), DNS Server, DHCP Server, file server, print server, Windows Media Server, IIS 7 web server and Hyper-V virtual server. Server Core can also be used to create a cluster with high availability using Failover Clustering or Network Load Balancing.

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Manashosting has the innovative webhosting technology to implement in the web hosting domestic market. The web hosting Panel provided by Manashosting as control panel of your domain is one among the best in the current market. It is your domain control panel, from where you manage all aspects of your domain and its contents. The domain control panel provided by web hosting company has been designed with the intention of making it easier for an individual to even act as a domain registrar possessing an authority to register a domain for self or for its clients and every now and then on the basis of requirement he can modify the web hosting account with every new update hence the domain resellers can benefit from such technology with the authority to register domain for its clients. It has become more user-friendly and more reliable.

When you access your web hosting account, everything you need is available right there in hosting panel or domain control panel itself.

The main tools available within your panels let you do the basic domain and webspace administration required to keep your website in order. You can set or reset your login details, ftp details and email accounts from web hosting control panel. You can access and maintain all your databases from your web hosting control panel as well, review basic statistics of your website, check your bandwidth use, check which scripts are supported, block certain IP addresses(depends on the web hosting package terms) from accessing your website, check for and clear up viruses, make a backup of your entire site, and other general maintenance actions, or grooming, of your domain.

If your web hosting plan allows it, you can actually set up different domains within your single account and control them all through your hosting or domain control panel.

Within your webhosting panel, you will more often than not find a handy little extra applications called file manager. It is what made easier for a client to deploy website files in webspace without taking the help of ftp account.Inbuilt feature of webhosting panel helps doing so, and this brilliant tool really comes as a handy element for hosting resellers who in this case every now and then need not have to memorize or search for ftp login information for different domains of its clients . It is not restricted to limited upload or download. One can deploy unlimited files in its webspace using the feature however restricted to limited upload in some online software at one time due to unavailability to browse for unlimited files. Bandwidth doesnt get much affected with such move and unlimited upload and download can easily be taken into process(incase the package has unlimited webspace and bandwidth facility).

Some hosting panel has the feature of adding java applications separately to its webspace package. As java is an important and widely used application most of the web hosting companies will make it sure the compatible features to enable the java application resides in the online software or control panel.

Many web hosting companies have added online shopping application in its webspace packages which helps clients to add up the application to its website at ease rather swaying the process of manipulation and editing. These comes free nowadays with web hosting packages. Most of the web hosting companies have included such applications for free in its web hosting package to let their client get benefited for hosting web applications.

Manashosting has started providing free search engine submission for its 2 years old clients.Based on the demand of our clients which they are looking to get for free along with their web hosting i.e webspace packages Manashosting has stated implementing this technique to help our clients to submit their website URL for free in over 8 lakh search engines.

You often wondered, when you lookout for your first web hosting provider or either you are new and planning to host a web host you might wondering the services provided by the hosting companies as some web host company offers Linux Hosting and some offers Windows Hosting . You become confused in both of them as you may or may not know the difference between the hosting platforms. But in real it may not make to much difference which hosting operating system you choose. But what matters what you are searching for and what features you what to host on your website.

Windows hosting is web sites which is provided by Microsoft Windows NT or 2000 Internet Information Server (IIS). Windows Hosting an NT-based server which is installed with Microsoft Windows Server Edition like Windows 2003 or XP. It is extensively considered as having powerful end-to-end management, reliability features, and scalability and therefore its fame for integrating businesses with the internet.

Windows hosting is the solution which you should go for only if you intend to employ explicit Windows applications like ASP (Active Server Pages), and if you planning to develop your website through Microsoft FrontPage. Moreover, if your website is developed in .NET technology, Visual Basic scripts or MS Index Server, then Windows hosting is the good selection in comparison to UNIX. If you are thinking about the database, MS SQL is compatible for both Windows and UNIX hosting.

The benefit of Windows hosting is that users can easily integrate any Microsoft products to websites as large number of users are enjoying the benefits of Windows and use these Microsoft products. And we all very much familiar that with the Microsoft’s technology, you can also integrate cross-browser script libraries from Java Script with ASP. Some important features like ColdFusion and ODBC database connectivity only be utilized with the Windows hosting.

It is true that if Windows hosting is compared on the basis of cost, then Windows hosting is expensive to set up because of its proprietary software and the use of Windows servers. Though, when utilizing a remote server, Windows hosting is too affordable and is very competitive in comparison to the cost of UNIX or LINUX hosting. But it is often true that for the best performance and the robustness of Microsoft application as offered by the windows hosting, then website proprietor can afford some extra cost.

It is also true that Windows hosting is the best for integrating your website with Microsoft products. Even though it is somewhat more expensive than UNIX or LINUX hosting, but in return you get the benefit of integrating all powerful Microsoft-proprietary application and scripts into this hosting environment far offset the costs deserved.

Windows hosting also has many benefits over Linux as follows:

All different packages of Windows are offered by the company Microsoft.

Familiar and Easy to Use: Windows-based applications are used in so many aspects of your business.
Even technical personal can installing Windows very easily in comparison to installing Linux from scratch.
Linux terminology and documentation is quite difficult to understand than that of Windows, mainly for those who never utilized a Windows server.
Windows has more application software available for purchase.
Installation of applications under Windows is easier, simpler, more consistent, and more evident than Linux.
More hardware works with Windows than for Linux since vendors write drivers for Windows more often they do for Linux.
All computer printer ships with drivers for last few versions of Windows. Linux holds far fewer printers than Windows.
Windows gives more ample and trustworthy help for newcomers to website construction.
Better Performing Hosted Applications: Hosted Microsoft applications perform better when they are hosted in a native Windows environment.
.NET Compliant Hosting Environment: HostLabs Windows Hosting is fully Microsoft .NET compliant.

If your website is using Microsoft Features, then Windows hosting should be utilized. If you are planning to have a website which uses databases, you will also wish to utilize Microsoft hosting. Additionally, a Microsoft hosting platform is often believed the most ultimate for very interactive websites. In windows hosting you can interact with your visitors or clients in the best way. Customers will able to access databases very easily; implementation of online chat services is also easy and therefore a lot of other interactive aspects. These aspects frequently carry out better on Windows Hosting platforms in comparison to than Linux based.

With the Windows hosting, you can employ ecommerce functionality in your websites. You can easily interact with customers with ease and efficiency. It has been believed and itself proven that Windows based hosting platforms are extremely user friendly. If somebody has little knowledge or having no webmaster experience, they also perhaps should judge Windows hosting. In comparison to Windows Hosting, Linux hosting services can be a somewhat more complicated to manage for somebody who does not have much experience.

Websites which were build to be hosted on Windows servers can be complicated to switch so that they can comfortably be hosted on a Linux server. Though, it is usually not as complicated to alter a website initially hosted on a Linux server thus it can be easily moved to a Windows server. This might be impressive you want to believe when planning your website or at the time selecting between Windows and Linux hosting.

Windows and Linux server hosting have various common features. First, both servers come in various different packages. Whereas distributions of Windows managed by only one company, who is the proprietor, distributions of Linux arrive from various companies. Where as Windows come in different operating system they are Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows ME and .NT class. The both servers give a GUI and a command line interface. Both Windows and Linux need a user ID and password with also different types of users.

Web Services Resource Center includes loads of great resources gathered from the Web.

We provide the Windows Server 2003 or Windows Server 2008 hosting you need so you can focus on what you do best-which is developing software-and allow us to supply you with what you’re looking for: a stable, reasonably-priced, Windows Server 2003 or Windows Vista hosting solution. (And if you require the older Windows 2000 or Windows NT 4.0 hosting, send us an e-mail and we’ll provide info as well.)

A significant advantage to you is that we pre-install the necessary software that you require-depending on the plan you chose, we pre-install XML resource kits, C#, SQL server, Visual J# 2005, Visual Basic and Visual C++ / .NET runtime libraries, along with well-tested service packs- which means you have one less thing to worry about as you focus on developing your software application. And for those really hard core debugging situations, we make available Microsoft debuggers, debugger extensions, and other related diagnostic tools, including KD, Windbg, and CDB.

Look over our six hosting solutions to see which one best meets your needs. If you find that you require a custom solution, our experienced MCSE staff will work with you in architecting the Windows 2003 or Windows 2008 hosting solution that’s right for you.

Microsoft has determined top hosting companies demand in the world. They have also reviewed the demand of the windows platform. Microsoft KNOWS that the hosting companies are going to drive a huge segment of users to the OS that they host their site on. In case a user hosts with us on Linux and see that we offer PHP, Perl, Python, and Ruby of Rails as programming languages then they will probably choose one of those to develop in. The problem is Microsoft doesn’t own any of those, and so loses control of the customer at that point.

Ever thought of building a framework for dynamic HTML pages? Or making Internet and Intranet based applications interactive? It is possible, and the best part is that you need not rack your brains anymore. Just get your web Hosting hands on ASP – an abbreviation for the Active Sever Pages, a specification for a dynamically created Web page with an .ASP extension. ASP is also a feature that installs with Microsofts Internet Information Services (IIS) web-server and requires no special interaction or configuration. The server-side technology also does not put any requirements on the client or browser, and, as a result, gives rise to no browser-compatibility issues. An ASP file can contain text, HTML tags and scripts that are executed on the server; therefore, some basic understanding on HTML / XHTML shall be an added privilege.

ASP is an abbreviation for the Active Sever Pages, for created dynamic Web Pages a with an .ASP extension. ASP is also an attribute web hosting which are installed with Microsofts Internet Information Services (IIS) web-server and needs no special interaction or configuration. The server-side technology also does not place any constraints on the client or browser as a result, provides go up to no browser-compatibility problems. An ASP file can enclose text, HTML tags and scripts which are executed on the server; so with, a number of basic understandings on XHTML/ HTML shall be an added opportunity.

Although many people have already decided that Windows Server 2003 is no more than a minor revision of Windows 2000, this new version includes a number of new features, tools, and services. Although the server is built on the foundation provided by Windows 2000, a great deal of these new elements are ones that many organizations, especially larger ones, will want to be aware.

The goal of this article and the subsequent one is to provide an overview of some of the new features found in Windows Server 2003, specifically those associated with its directory service, Active Directory. In this first article we’ll examine domain and forest functional levels, as well as the ability to rename and reposition domain and domain controllers

Those familiar with Active Directory in Windows 2000 will recall that once installed, domains could be configured in one of two modes — mixed mode and native mode. In mixed mode, an Active Directory domain was still capable of supporting Windows NT 4.0 domain controllers, enabling enterprises to transition their domains from the old model to the new directory-based design. Although mixed mode made the deployment of Active Directory in existing environments more flexible, it had limitations, namely the inability to configure universal groups. Once a domain was switched to native mode, all domain controllers had to be running Windows 2000, and using universal groups became possible.

In Windows Server 2003 Active Directory, the concept of a domain “mode” has been re-branded as a “functional level.” This is definitely not a bad idea, since the functional level of a Windows Server 2003 Active Directory domain impacts not only the operating system versions that can function as domain controllers, but also the ability to use some of the new features in Active Directory. Furthermore, Windows Server 2003 also introduces an entirely new concept — a forest functional level.

Note that once the functional level of a domain is raised, domain controllers running previous versions of Windows cannot be added to the domain. So if you raise the functional level of a domain to Windows Server 2003, Windows 2000 domain controllers can no longer be added to that domain.

The functional level of a domain is changed from within the Active Directory Users and Computers tool much like how the mode of a domain is changed in Windows 2000. To raise the functional level of a domain, right-click on the domain object in Active Directory Users and Computers and click Raise Domain Functional Level.

In the screenshot below, notice how the domain functional level cannot be changed because it has already been configured to the Windows Server 2003 level. To raise the functional level of a domain, you must be a member of the Enterprise Admins group, or the Domain Admins group in that particular domain. This ability can also be delegated to other users.

The more disk space and network transfer you use the greater percentage of the web hosting , windows hosting environment you are using, for you will be charged the higher the rent. If you have ever noticed, when ever you searched for a house building and business building what you search for, either you ask about your needs, then they saw you all what ever your need fulfills. If they have not such types of building Linux hosting which will fulfill your Linux hosting requirement they will ask more if more type of your choice and budget. Some offices have stairs, some windows hosting houses have insults, others have lifts, swimming pools, and gardens, and others do not. Like that some web hosting environment also asks you your needs and budget and requirement. Then they will provide the all the charges and features from your basics needs and as per more featured required. Web hosting environments are much the same, a number of present bare structures to do just the basics and others offer Linux hosting an array of features and facilities to help you do just about everything you could ever need or want. Some of the features and facilities likely to be windows hosting offered are ranges of software to use, components, databases, and server side script processing. The likeness of renting an office or home to renting space in a web hosting environment is even much more alike. In some buildings Linux hosting a gardener and/or a guard is obtainable to look following the gardening or offer security. In a web hosting environment, you have hold people to help you do what you require to do on your web hosting site to make it grow and there are server administrators to protect and secure your web hosting space.

When you rent a building, you require key parts required to work or live in the space, like rooms, offices, kitchens, toilets, and bathrooms, without this it is not possible to live means these are basics needswindows hosting for a house to live. In similar ways web-hosting environment have also some basics necessary to have for hosting. The core components in a web hosting environment are:

Web Server The web server is software that recognizes requests over Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and delivers HTML pages and Image files.

FTP Server FTP is facility by which a web master can transfer Linux hosting files to and from the server. To put your HTML and image files on a server you will generally use FTP in web hosting Linux to upload your files to the server running the web hosting server.

Mail Server The mail server consists of two parts Post Office Protocol (POP) and Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP). In POP email is received into your mailbox and through the help of SMTP, you used to send and receive email Linux hosting between mail servers.

This hosting option consists of registering the application domain (AppDomain) that hosts an WCF service as a managed Windows Service (formerly known as NT service) so that the process lifetime of the service is controlled by the service control manager (SCM) for Windows services. Like the self-hosting option, this type of hosting environment requires that some hosting code is written as part of the application. The service is implemented as both a Windows Service and as an WCF service by causing it to inherit from the ServiceBase class as well as from an WCF service contract interface. The ServiceHost is then created and opened within an overridden OnStart method and closed within an overridden OnStop method. An installer class that inherits from Installer must also be implemented to allow the program to be installed as a Windows Service by the Installutil.exe tool. For more information, see How to: Host a WCF Service in a Managed Windows Service. The scenario enabled by the managed Windows Service hosting option is that of a long-running WCF service hosted outside of IIS in a secure environment that is not message-activated. The lifetime of the service is controlled instead by the operating system. This hosting option is available in all versions of Windows.

Windows Process Activation Service is the new process activation mechanism for the Windows Server 2008 that is also available on Windows Vista. It retains the familiar IIS 6.0 process model (application pools and message-based process activation) and hosting features (such as rapid failure protection, health monitoring, and recycling), but it removes the dependency on HTTP from the activation architecture. IIS 7.0 uses WAS to accomplish message-based activation over HTTP. Additional WCF components also plug into WAS to provide message-based activation over the other protocols that WCF supports, such as TCP, MSMQ, and named pipes. This allows applications that use communication protocols to use the IIS features such as process recycling, rapid fail protection, and the common configuration system that were only available to HTTP-based applications.

Windows Server 2008 brings you many more features that have not been seen in previous releases of Microsoft server operating systems; as well as there being many new features for you to make use of, Microsoft has updated existing components such as the transfer of the new IIS 7 web server to the Windows server operating system series. Although many web hosting providers will still continue to offer shared, reseller, VPS and dedicated server hosting services based on the Windows Server 2003 operating system, many will also be offering the same web hosting services but instead based on Windows Server 2008. The important thing to remember is that all of your existing websites, even those that have been built using classic ASP, will continue to function as normal on Windows Server 2008 servers. The most radical change that many web hosting providers will make to their services offerings is the introduction of Hyper-V VPS hosting servers; this means that over time many providers will be moving away from traditionally offering Virtuozzo based Windows VPS servers as well as gradually moving their existing Windows infrastructure over to Windows Server 2008. The introduction of Windows Server 2008 dedicated servers will mean that companies and individuals who may be using older dedicated servers can now get an upgraded server running Windows Server 2008 for the same or maybe even less than what you pay for your existing server.

When it comes to shared hosting services, Windows Server 2008 is unlikely to have a large influence since many will just see it as another server upgraded that will help make the system more reliable than it is at current. However, there are also new releases of third party software that are highly likely to have an influence in the shared web hosting world. When cPanel releases its highly anticipated Windows based control panel it is expected that many web hosting providers are going to automatically adopt this new control panel for use on their Windows based shared hosting servers; this is mainly down to the fact that the cPanel control panel for Linux has been a massive success and can be classed as the most popular Linux web hosting control panel. Parallels has also recently released version 9.0 of its Plesk control panel. Although the new release of Plesk hasn’t sparled that much interest, it has still bought those who use it many more features as well as a new design that is very similar to that of Windows Vista; Plesk 9.0 now also supports IIS 7 as well as Windows Server 2008 servers.

Due to the introduction of the new Hyper-V technology that will allow web hosting providers to create virtual machines on their Windows Server 2008 servers, the Windows VPS hosting market is highly likely to change as many web hosting companies move over to using Hyper-V and phase out the use of the Parallels Virtuozzo VPS daemon. Web hosting companies in many cases provide a control panel free of charge to their Windows VPS customers, and this is mainly down to their good relationship with the Parallels software vendor; although such an offering is unlikely to end, it must be noted that some web hosting providers will start to phase in the use of the new cPanel/WHM suite for Windows when it is eventually released. Some Windows VPS services will continue to be hosted on Windows Server 2003 nodes as web hosting providers want to fill their existing servers as well as the fact that some of those purchasing Windows VPS servers may not necessarily know how to use Windows Server 2008. For those companies that are going to continue to use Virtuozzo for the foreseeable future they will only be able to offer Windows Server 2003 VPS because Virtuozzo doesn’t support Windows Server 2008 at current.

Windows Server 2008 is going to have the most affect in the area of dedicated server hosting. Web hosting providers will want to start rolling out Windows Server 2008 based dedicated servers as soon as possible, and customers will want to be upgrading their existing dedicated servers to the new Windows Server 2008 operating system. Those who are using dedicated servers normally want to be using the most up-to-date technology, and by using Windows Server 2008 they are able to make use of the new IIS 7 web server as well as the other features that come with it. Windows Server 2008 also comes with updated support for the POP3 and IMAP protocols for those who are using Microsoft’s built in email server.

However, it should be noted that higher end dedicated servers that are of a high specification are used if users want to use Windows Server 2008. Low end dedicated servers may not be able to cope with the operating system that well, and at the end of the day the main purpose of dedicated server hosting is to offer businesses and individuals a more reliable web hosting service.


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